Commit 2e274735 authored by Benjamin Schmid's avatar Benjamin Schmid

Versionate check_email_loop Version 1.1 (2003)

 This version includes various additions
 from Michael Markstaller, mm@elabnet.de

 MM 021003: fixed some unquoted strings
 MM 021116: fixed/added pendwarn/lostwarn
 MM 030515: added deleting of orphaned check-emails
            changed to use "top" instead of get to minimize
            traffic (required changing match-string from
            "Subject: Email-ping [" to "Email-Ping ["
parents
#!/usr/bin/perl -w
#
# $Id: check_email_loop.pl,v 1.5 2005/11/29 23:21:06 harpermann Exp $
#
# (c)2000 Benjamin Schmid, blueshift@gmx.net (emergency use only ;-)
# Copyleft by GNU GPL
#
#
# check_email_loop Nagios Plugin
#
# This script sends a mail with a specific id in the subject via
# an given smtp-server to a given email-adress. When the script
# is run again, it checks for this Email (with its unique id) on
# a given pop3 account and send another mail.
#
#
# Example: check_email_loop.pl -poph=mypop -popu=user -pa=password
# -smtph=mailer -from=returnadress@yoursite.com
# -to=remaileradress@friend.com -pendc=2 -lostc=0
#
# This example will send eacht time this check is executed a new
# mail to remaileradress@friend.com using the SMTP-Host mailer.
# Then it looks for any back-forwarded mails in the POP3 host
# mypop. In this Configuration CRITICAL state will be reached if
# more than 2 Mails are pending (meaning that they did not came
# back till now) or if a mails got lost (meaning a mail, that was
# send later came back prior to another mail).
#
# Michael Markstaller, mm@elabnet.de various changes/additions
# MM 021003: fixed some unquoted strings
# MM 021116: fixed/added pendwarn/lostwarn
# MM 030515: added deleting of orphaned check-emails
# changed to use "top" instead of get to minimize traffic (required changing match-string from "Subject: Email-ping [" to "Email-Ping ["
use Net::POP3;
use Net::SMTP;
use strict;
use Getopt::Long;
&Getopt::Long::config('auto_abbrev');
# ----------------------------------------
my $TIMEOUT = 120;
my %ERRORS = ('OK' , '0',
'WARNING', '1',
'CRITICAL', '2',
'UNKNOWN' , '3');
my $state = "UNKNOWN";
my ($sender,$receiver, $pophost, $popuser, $poppasswd, $smtphost,$keeporphaned);
my ($poptimeout,$smtptimeout,$pinginterval,$maxmsg)=(60,60,5,50);
my ($lostwarn, $lostcrit,$pendwarn, $pendcrit,$debug);
$debug = 0;
# Internal Vars
my ($pop,$msgcount,@msglines,$statinfo,@messageids,$newestid);
my (%other_smtp_opts);
my ($matchcount,$statfile) = (0,"check_email_loop.stat");
# Subs declaration
sub usage;
sub messagematchs;
sub nsexit;
# Just in case of problems, let's not hang Nagios
$SIG{'ALRM'} = sub {
print ("ERROR: $0 Time-Out $TIMEOUT s \n");
exit $ERRORS{"UNKNOWN"};
};
alarm($TIMEOUT);
# Evaluate Command Line Parameters
my $status = GetOptions(
"from=s",\$sender,
"to=s",\$receiver,
"debug", \$debug,
"pophost=s",\$pophost,
"popuser=s",\$popuser,
"passwd=s",\$poppasswd,
"poptimeout=i",\$poptimeout,
"smtphost=s",\$smtphost,
"smtptimeout=i",\$smtptimeout,
"statfile=s",\$statfile,
"interval=i",\$pinginterval,
"lostwarn=i",\$lostwarn,
"lostcrit=i",\$lostcrit,
"pendwarn=i",\$pendwarn,
"pendcrit=i",\$pendcrit,
"maxmsg=i",\$maxmsg,
"keeporphaned=s",\$keeporphaned,
);
usage() if ($status == 0 || ! ($pophost && $popuser && $poppasswd &&
$smtphost && $receiver && $sender ));
# Try to read the ids of the last send emails out of statfile
if (open STATF, "$statfile") {
@messageids = <STATF>;
chomp @messageids;
close STATF;
}
# Try to open statfile for writing
if (!open STATF, ">$statfile") {
nsexit("Failed to open mail-ID database $statfile for writing",'CRITICAL');
}
# Ok - check if it's time to release another mail
# ...
# creating new serial id
my $serial = time();
$serial = "ID#" . $serial . "#$$";
# sending new ping email
%other_smtp_opts=();
if ( $debug == 1 ) {
$other_smtp_opts{'Debug'} = 1;
}
my $smtp = Net::SMTP->new($smtphost,Timeout=>$smtptimeout, %other_smtp_opts)
|| nsexit("SMTP connect timeout ($smtptimeout s)",'CRITICAL');
($smtp->mail($sender) &&
$smtp->to($receiver) &&
$smtp->data() &&
$smtp->datasend("To: $receiver\nSubject: E-Mail Ping [$serial]\n\n".
"This is an automatically sent E-Mail.\n".
"It is not intended for a human reader.\n\n".
"Serial No: $serial\n") &&
$smtp->dataend() &&
$smtp->quit
) || nsexit("Error delivering message",'CRITICAL');
# no the interessting part: let's if they are receiving ;-)
$pop = Net::POP3->new( $pophost,
Timeout=>$poptimeout)
|| nsexit("POP3 connect timeout (>$poptimeout s, host: $pophost)",'CRITICAL');
$msgcount=$pop->login($popuser,$poppasswd);
$statinfo="$msgcount mails on POP3";
nsexit("POP3 login failed (user:$popuser)",'CRITICAL') if (!defined($msgcount));
# Check if more than maxmsg mails in pop3-box
nsexit(">$maxmsg Mails ($msgcount Mails on POP3); Please delete !",'WARNING') if ($msgcount > $maxmsg);
my ($mid, $nid);
# Count messages, that we are looking 4:
while ($msgcount > 0) {
@msglines = @{$pop->top($msgcount,1)};
for (my $i=0; $i < scalar @messageids; $i++) {
if (messagematchsid(\@msglines,$messageids[$i])) {
$matchcount++;
# newest received mail than the others, ok remeber id.
if (!defined $newestid) {
$newestid = $messageids[$i];
} else {
$messageids[$i] =~ /\#(\d+)\#/;
$mid = $1;
$newestid =~ /\#(\d+)\#/;
$nid = $1;
if ($mid > $nid) {
$newestid = $messageids[$i];
}
}
$pop->delete($msgcount); # remove E-Mail from POP3 server
splice @messageids, $i, 1;# remove id from List
last; # stop looking in list
}
}
# Delete orphaned Email-ping msg
my @msgsubject = grep /^Subject/, @msglines;
chomp @msgsubject;
# Scan Subject if email is an Email-Ping. In fact we match and delete also successfully retrieved messages here again.
if (!defined $keeporphaned && $msgsubject[0] =~ /E-Mail Ping \[/) {
$pop->delete($msgcount); # remove E-Mail from POP3 server
}
$msgcount--;
}
$pop->quit(); # necessary for pop3 deletion!
# traverse through the message list and mark the lost mails
# that mean mails that are older than the last received mail.
if (defined $newestid) {
$newestid =~ /\#(\d+)\#/;
$newestid = $1;
for (my $i=0; $i < scalar @messageids; $i++) {
$messageids[$i] =~ /\#(\d+)\#/;
my $akid = $1;
if ($akid < $newestid) {
$messageids[$i] =~ s/^ID/LI/; # mark lost
}
}
}
# Write list to id-Database
foreach my $id (@messageids) {
print STATF "$id\n";
}
print STATF "$serial\n"; # remember send mail of this session
close STATF;
# ok - count lost and pending mails;
my @tmp = grep /^ID/, @messageids;
my $pendingm = scalar @tmp;
@tmp = grep /^LI/, @messageids;
my $lostm = scalar @tmp;
# Evaluate the Warnin/Crit-Levels
if (defined $pendwarn && $pendingm > $pendwarn) { $state = 'WARNING'; }
if (defined $lostwarn && $lostm > $lostwarn) { $state = 'WARNING'; }
if (defined $pendcrit && $pendingm > $pendcrit) { $state = 'CRITICAL'; }
if (defined $lostcrit && $lostm > $lostcrit) { $state = 'CRITICAL'; }
if ((defined $pendwarn || defined $pendcrit || defined $lostwarn
|| defined $lostcrit) && ($state eq 'UNKNOWN')) {$state='OK';}
# Append Status info
$statinfo = $statinfo . ", $matchcount mail(s) came back,".
" $pendingm pending, $lostm lost.";
# Exit in a Nagios-compliant way
nsexit($statinfo);
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
sub usage {
print "check_email_loop 1.1 Nagios Plugin - Real check of a E-Mail system\n";
print "=" x 75,"\nERROR: Missing or wrong arguments!\n","=" x 75,"\n";
print "This script sends a mail with a specific id in the subject via an given\n";
print "smtp-server to a given email-adress. When the script is run again, it checks\n";
print "for this Email (with its unique id) on a given pop3 account and sends \n";
print "another mail.\n";
print "\nThe following options are available:\n";
print " -from=text email adress of send (for mail returnr on errors)\n";
print " -to=text email adress to which the mails should send to\n";
print " -pophost=text IP or name of the POP3-host to be checked\n";
print " -popuser=text Username of the POP3-account\n";
print " -passwd=text Password for the POP3-user\n";
print " -poptimeout=num Timeout in seconds for the POP3-server\n";
print " -smtphost=text IP oder name of the SMTP host\n";
print " -smtptimeout=num Timeout in seconds for the SMTP-server\n";
print " -statfile=text File to save ids of messages ($statfile)\n";
print " -interval=num Time (in minutes) that must pass by before sending\n";
print " another Ping-mail (gibe a new try);\n";
print " -lostwarn=num WARNING-state if more than num lost emails\n";
print " -lostcrit=num CRITICAL \n";
print " -pendwarn=num WARNING-state if more than num pending emails\n";
print " -pendcrit=num CRITICAL \n";
print " -maxmsg=num WARNING if more than num emails on POP3 (default 50)\n";
print " -keeporphaned Set this to NOT delete orphaned E-Mail Ping msg from POP3\n";
print " -debug send SMTP tranaction info to stderr\n\n";
print " Options may abbreviated!\n";
print " LOST mails are mails, being sent before the last mail arrived back.\n";
print " PENDING mails are those, which are not. (supposed to be on the way)\n";
print "\nExample: \n";
print " $0 -poph=host -pa=pw -popu=popts -smtph=host -from=root\@me.com\n ";
print " -to=remailer\@testxy.com -lostc=0 -pendc=2\n";
print "\nCopyleft 19.10.2000, Benjamin Schmid / 2003 Michael Markstaller, mm\@elabnet.de\n";
print "This script comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY\n";
print "This programm is licensed under the terms of the ";
print "GNU General Public License\n\n";
exit $ERRORS{"UNKNOWN"};
}
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------
sub nsexit {
my ($msg,$code) = @_;
$code=$state if (!defined $code);
print "$code: $msg\n" if (defined $msg);
exit $ERRORS{$code};
}
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------
sub messagematchsid {
my ($mailref,$id) = (@_);
my (@tmp);
my $match = 0;
# ID
$id =~ s/^LI/ID/; # evtl. remove lost mail mark
@tmp = grep /E-Mail Ping \[/, @$mailref;
chomp @tmp;
if ($tmp[0] && $tmp[0] =~ /$id/)
{ $match = 1; }
# Sender:
# @tmp = grep /^From:\s+/, @$mailref;
# if (@tmp && $sender ne "")
# { $match = $match && ($tmp[0]=~/$sender/); }
# Receiver:
# @tmp = grep /^To: /, @$mailref;
# if (@tmp && $receiver ne "")
# { $match = $match && ($tmp[0]=~/$receiver/); }
return $match;
}
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------
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